More than 800 species of hermit crabs are present in the world. Only 17 are kept as pets at home. Purple pincher hermit crabs have the scientific name “ Coenobita clypeatus. “
Two kinds of pincher crabs exist, namely the Ecuadorian crab and the Caribbean crab, which are mostly sold out as pets. The other names of Caribbean crab are the purple claw crab, the hermit crab, purple pincher, and soldier crab.
The purple claw crab is a well-known and famous hermit crab pet. They are amazingly interesting and unique crabs as pets. They are preferred due to their easy care. Hermit crab pets are taken from the wild.
Let us know about its amazing facts.
Purple claw hermit crabs live in a glass aquarium of a minimum ten gallons tank. When your crab is grown up, and if you want to add more hermit crab, you need to increase the tank size.
Your aquarium temperature should be 75 to 85 degrees, and keep 60 to 70 percent humidity.
Use 50,50 percent sand and coconut coir for them. You should also make a thin substrate layer because hermit crabs prefer to burrow. Furnish the interior part with branches, caves, and shells.
Life cycle| Purple Pincher Hermit Crab
Yet still, no perfect data is present about purple pincher hermit crabs. However, it is recorded the average life span is about 40 years in some species.
Purple pinchers can live up to 15 to 20 years in captivity under certain environments.
Purple hermit crabs are known as omnivores. As you know, crabs are not picky and feed on vegetables, fruits, and insects. You can also give them a commercial diet as a base and other different types of food like apples, carrots, and dead and live insects.
You should provide them with fresh water daily and offer them salt water once a week.
Purple pincher hermit crabs are also known as Nocturnal animals, meaning they are active at night and may also be active during the day.
Usually, purple pinchers are shy and remain hidden when disturbed—these crabs like climbing within their habitat.
They are active creatures that can cover a several kilometers distance of about 4 km in a few weeks. They are social and never bore to stay with other crabs species.
How do hermit crabs breed in captivity?
Hermit crabs are delivered to the oceans. Females lay eggs in the oceans, and the strongest eggs develop into hermit crabs.
It would be best to keep a mature female in a breeding tank. This tank should be full of saltwater-like oceanic water and add a mature and sexually fit male crab. It may take a partner selection before a female agrees to breed.
Hermit crabs Breeding process:
The breeding process can differ in different species depending on the size and species.
Following steps are included in the breeding process.
- Female releases a pheromone, which shows that she is ready to breed.
- Males identify these pheromones and approach them.
- The male hermit crabs struggle with who will breed with the female.
- When the male wins, then the female shows interest.
- If the female is ready to breed, the male starts mating.
Hermit crabs usually mate in their shell to save themselves. A male has a large penis which ensures that the female can be implanted easily without leaving the shell.
During mating, the male transferred spermatozoa into the female’s gonopore. If fertilization occurs, the eggs remain in the female’s body for a month and are then released.
Molting: Purple Pincher Hermit Crab
When purple hermit crabs are fully grown, the shell that they have shed comes off. It is common for young hermit crabs to molt multiple times, compared to adults, who can only molt between 12 and 18 months of age.
When crabs molt, they burrow themselves under the earth sometimes for a few days, but sometimes for up to eight weeks. When your hermit crabs molt, the old skeleton will rupture, and the crab will leave the old exoskeleton.
To minimize stress, leave your hermit crab alone until it relaxes. When molting is complete, put your crab’s shell into the tank because the crab mostly eats its old shell.
When you decide to keep hermit crabs, you should ensure that you have every type of shell so that the crab feels comfortable when it is ready to grow.
Purple hermit crabs alter their shells often if they can’t find the shell they are searching for. So it is important to have many types of shells. You can read about the hermit crabs without shell here.
The more crabs you have, you should have more shells because crabs fight for the prized shell.
How big can a purple pincher hermit crab get?
Purple hermit crabs’ size depends upon their species and age. The Indo hermit crab gets up to 8 inches, and the Caribbean hermit crab may be the 3rd biggest, ranging from 2 to 6 inches. The blueberry hermit crab may be about 1 to 1.5 inches in size.
Hermit crab popular species size:
Only those species that are most commonly present in pet stores will be described.
Caribbean [purple pincher]
A purple pincher hermit crab is one of the most commonly kept pets in captivity, and it lives for over 20 years. They attain a size of about two inches and a half. They can also live for a long time if you take care properly by providing a wide area and big shells.
Ecuadorian Hermit Crab
In case you are interested in finding a hermit crab species of small size, I recommend the Ecuadorian. It is usually found in pet stores and shorelines that carry them. Because of their small size, they can increase in size by 0.5 inches.
Strawberry Hermit Crabs
Since these crabs have a strawberry-like appearance and color, their name suggests that they are like strawberries. Strawberry crabs can grow up to 6 inches long in their natural habitat. During captivity, they rarely reach 5 inches.
Hermit crabs are beautiful crustaceans kept as pets and can enhance the beauty of your home tank. Purple pincher hermit crabs are widely distributed in the Atlantic, Indian oceans, Gulf of Mexico, and north Florida. To keep purple pincher hermit crabs may be interesting, but they are your important responsibility. Provide them proper habitat with optimum temperature and humidity.
Try to adopt them instead of purchase.